VietNamNet Bridge - Scientists have for the first time rung the
alarm over the high dioxin concentration in emissions and waste water in
waste treatment plant areas.
number of waste treatment plants have been found with having much higher
dioxin concentrations than the permitted level. One plant had a
concentration higher by 5,000 times more.
The conclusion was made by scientists conducting research under a
project on settling dioxin in heavily polluted areas in Vietnam presided
over by the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment’s (MONRE)
Office 33, in charge of coordinating activities to remedy consequences
from Agent Orange (dioxin).
“Vietnam has for the first time
admitted that besides the dioxin originating from the war, there is also
dioxin generated during industrial production activities,” said Dr. Le
Ke Son, the project’s director.
Son said that industrial waste and medical waste incinerators were the largest sources of dioxin.
The high content of dioxin and dioxin-related compounds (DRCs), measured
in TEQs (toxic equivalents), have been found in exhaust fumes and waste
water from waste water treatment plants.
In Hanoi, the researchers took three emission samples from an industrial
incinerator and four samples from an industrial and medical
incinerator. Three out of the seven samples had DRCs higher than the
permitted level stipulated in QCVN 30:2012, the standard set by MONRE.
One sample showed the highest TEQ of 9800 pg/Nm3, or 16 times higher than the permitted level (600 pg/Nm3).
In HCM City, one sample showed the TEQ close to the permitted level and
another was higher by five times than the permitted level.
In Hai Duong province, two of the three samples were found as having a TEQ tens of times higher than the permitted level.
The waste water samples at the waste treatment plants have also been found as having overly high DRCs.
Vietnam still does not have national standards on DRCs in waste water.
However, when referring to the Japanese standard - 10 pg/Nm3 – the
researchers found that two of the five waste water samples in Hanoi had
DRC concentration higher by five and 23 times.
A waste water sample in Hai Duong Province contained DRCs higher by 129
times than the permitted level, while a sample in HCM City had 5,000
Scientists say dioxin can have a major impact on human health via air and food.
Dioxin is one of the most toxic compounds discovered. Dioxin created by
industrial processes is less toxic than the dioxin used during wartime.