In June of 1964, helicopters from the U.S. Geological Survey began
spraying an herbicidal chemical along the Gila and San Carlos rivers.
The chemical herbicide was used to remove salt cedars along the rivers
so that water runoff from the rain would be maximized for commercial and
industrial water use in lakes, rivers and streams. Salt cedar, an
invasive plant species, was brought to the area from the Mediterrean and
African regions. It grows along waterways and uses a lot of water in
order to maintain its life.
This odorless herbicide’s scientific names are 2-4-5-TP or 2-4-5 D,
but it’s commonly known as Agent Orange, one of the worst chemicals ever
known to mankind. The herbicide was used to spray salt cedar on the San
Carlos River and indigenous peoples in other parts of the world.
It was popularized during the Vietnam War when the United States
sprayed this chemical on the high canopy tree stands of the Vietnamese
forests to kill vegetation. Even U.S. veterans were victimized by this
chemical, and to this day, those who had contact with Agent Orange have
become sick with many types of diseases and cancers that were unknown
prior to the creation of this dangerous chemical. Diseases associated
with Agent Orange contamination include Type 2 diabetes, liver and heart
disease, birth defects (two row teeth, cleft pallet) spina bifida,
neuropathy, Parkinson’s disease, liver cancer, prostate cancer, ovarian
cancer, leukemia, lymphoma, Alzheimer’s disease, and many others.
In 1969, areas near Kellner Canyon and Ice House Canyon near the
Pinal Mountains were also sprayed for five years, and the San Carlos and
Gila Rivers were contaminated. After the spraying in the
off-reservation town of Globe, residents who were contaminated sued Dow
Chemical, the makers of the Agent Orange, and the government of the
United States. The case, Shoecraft V. Dow Chemical, went before the U.S.
District in Phoenix and was settled out of court in the early 1980s. On
the other hand, San Carlos Apache tribal members have yet to receive
redress of their grievances, harm to health, and deaths that have been
perpetuated by this witches brew.
Who are the makers of such witches brew and what it does?