After nuclear weapons, chemical weapons are one of the most
destructive weapons, causing mass destruction because chemicals
(sometimes called military poisons) in this type of weapon have a common
character - highly toxic, fast-acting to cause major losses to the
enemy or direct hazard for many people, animals and plants in general.
are many kinds of chemical weapons, classified in two ways. The first
is in the way of harmful effects for humans and plants, such as
asphyxiation chemical weapons, chemical weapons causing nerve damage,
chemical weapons causing skin ulcers and chemical weapons destroying
plants. The second is based on the subjects: chemical weapons destroying
vitality and chemical weapons destroying plants.
Owing to the
great harm to humans and the environment, most countries in the world
agree to add chemical weapons in the list of weapons of mass
destruction, including nuclear weapons, chemical weapons and biological
These kinds of weapons are on the specifically prohibited
list. For chemical weapons, the most important international legal
document is the Chemical Weapons Convention, including the prohibition
of development, prohibition of production, ban of store and use and
provisions for the destruction of chemical weapons.
convention is managed by the Organization for the Prohibition of
Chemical Weapons, an independent organization based in Hague, the
Netherlands, with the participation of representatives of national
members that have signed the Chemical Weapons Convention.
June 2013, 189 countries are members of the Chemical Weapons Convention.
Two countries - Israel and Myanmar - have signed but not yet ratified
it and five countries - Angola, North Korea, Egypt, South Sudan and
Syria - have not signed the convention.
Thus, most countries in
the world have committed to "say no" to chemical weapons. However,
between the "saying no" or signing the convention and the thorough
implementation of it may have "exception" circumstances.
READ MORE: http://english.vietnamnet.vn/fms/special-reports/77524/vietnam-is-just-a-victim-of-chemical-weapons.html